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New Testament


Translations and Texts

A research guide intended to assist students and researchers navigate key resources and tools for research and paper-writing.

The complexities of translating the Greek text of the New Testament is not a recent issue.  Numerous translations of the text into English have been written, revised, and rewritten over the years.  The resources below are intended to assist students studying different English translations of the New Testament as well as those studying the original Greek text.

Modern Language Translations

You can find many versions online for free on the Bible Gateway.


Original Language Texts

For students looking to read the original language of a text, these online resources may be helpful:

  • Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece 28 [Online]
    • One of the most recognizable editions of the Greek New Testament, the NA-28 is offered online for free courtesy of the German Bible Society.
  • United Bible Society's Greek New Testament [Online]
    • Using the text of the NA-28, the UBS-GNT provides apparati intended more for reading and interpretation rather than extensive variants.  Courtesy of the German Bible Society.
  • Septuagint (LXX) [Online]
    • Rahlf's 2nd edition Greek text of the Septuagint, courtesy of the German Bible Society.  
  • Sefaria [Online]
    • A non-profit website dedicated to publishing a complete digital library of Hebrew sacred texts, including the entirety of early Rabbinic texts such as the Midrash, Talmud, and Mishnah.  Most texts provide an English translation and the original Hebrew text with excellent search and comparison features.