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New Testament


Translations and Texts

A research guide intended to assist students and researchers navigate key resources and tools for research and paper-writing.

The complexities of translating the Greek text of the New Testament is not a recent issue.  Numerous translations of the text into English have been written, revised, and rewritten over the years.  The resources below are intended to assist students studying different English translations of the New Testament as well as those studying the original Greek text.

English Translations

All of the following bibles are found through Oxford Biblical Studies Online:

You can also find the following versions online for free:

And these are available online through the library's catalog:

Original Language Texts

For students looking to read the original language of a text, these online resources may be helpful:

  • Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece 28 [Online]
    • One of the most recognizable editions of the Greek New Testament, the NA-28 is offered online for free courtesy of the German Bible Society.
  • United Bible Society's Greek New Testament [Online]
    • Using the text of the NA-28, the UBS-GNT provides apparati intended more for reading and interpretation rather than extensive variants.  Courtesy of the German Bible Society.
  • Septuagint (LXX) [Online]
    • Rahlf's 2nd edition Greek text of the Septuagint, courtesy of the German Bible Society.  
  • Sefaria [Online]
    • A non-profit website dedicated to publishing a complete digital library of Hebrew sacred texts, including the entirety of early Rabbinic texts such as the Midrash, Talmud, and Mishnah.  Most texts provide an English translation and the original Hebrew text with excellent search and comparison features. 


Oxford Biblical Studies Online

Oxford Biblical Studies Online contains many resources to facilitate the study of the Bible.  Of particular interest for exegetical assignments is the ability it offers to compare modern translations side-by-side, and to view scholarly annotations alongside of the text. 

Viewing modern translations side-by-side

1) To view two translations of a text side-by-side, click on the "Side-by-side view of two Biblical texts" on the Oxford Biblical Studies Online landing page.

Oxford Biblical Studies Online landing page



2) Choose the passage you want to study in the Bible verse lookup box, and select the translations you want to compare by selecting them from the drop-down menu under each 'text' tab.

Oxford Biblical Studies Online Bible verse lookup

Viewing text alongside of scholarly annotations/commentary

1) To view the annotations alongside of the text, click on the "commentary" tab on the right window and select the annotations from the version/translation you want to view.  They do not need to be the annotations from the version of the text you have selected in the window on the left.

oxford biblical studies online commentary view