Citing your data sources will allow researchers to easily locate research data for repurposing and ensures that the original producers of the data are credited in citation indexes.
DOI's are Digital Object Identifiers which provide unique links to articles and data.
Citations for data sets are not yet standardized, however, a data set citation should include at least the following pieces of information, which will be arranged depending on the style you use:
Certain styles may also ask for additional information such as:
One of the most commonly used citation formats is the American Psychological Associaton (APA) Style. When citing research data with APA, add a description of the type of resource in brackets after the title. For example:
Schonfeld, R.C., and Housewright, R. (2011). Ithaka S+R Faculty Survey 2009: Key Strategic Insights for Libraries, Publishers, and Societies (ICPSR version) [Data file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. doi:10.3886/ICPSR30001.
You will notice that this example contains all of the information listed above except for the date accessed online, which is not required for APA. For data sets without a title, APA recommends that you use a short description of the content of the resource in brackets in place of the title.
When in doubt, you can refer to the ISO standard for citation of electronic documents, which recommends the following required elements in the following order:
Unknown elements may be omitted.