Researches can find Best Practices information and examples in the Data Management Guide.
Please note in particular when your data involve human subjects:
Some tips on sharing data from Libbie Stephenson (UCLA Social Science Data Archive)
This document will provide you with some things to consider if you want or need to make your data available to others. This document is freely available under a Creative Commons license in PDF format.
How you get your data ready depends on the format -- do you have a dataset, a video, a recording? This document contains some resources to use to manage files in various technical formats, including statistical files; video, audio and multi-media; archaeology; history; performing arts; literature, language and linguistics; visual arts; digital games; and survey data. It is freely available under a Creative Commons license. PDF format.
This document will aid in understanding how codebooks are constructed and how to "read" or interpret them in using associated data. It is freely available under a Creative Commons license.