A reference for a basic book with one author:
Author, A.A. (1967). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
Gast, L.E. (2012). Mastering approaches to diversity in social work. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
A chapter in an edited book:
Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (1995). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor,
& C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.
Kayser, K. & Johnson, J.K. (2008). Divorce. In Mizrahi, T. & Davis, T.E. (Eds.), The
encyclopedia of social work (pp. 76-85). New York: National Association of
Website with Authors Identified
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of
publication). Title of document.
Retrieved from http://Web address
Website with No Authors
When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry.
Example of a website without an author:
National Institute of Mental Health. (2010). Retrieved from
A basic journal reference:
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx,
An electronic journal with a DOI
Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, x-xx.
Edwards, H.R. & Hoefer, R. (2010). Are social work advocacy groups using web 2.0
effectively? Journal of Policy Practice, 9, 220-229. doi:10.1080/15588742.2010.489037
What is a DOI?
A DOI (digital object identifier) is an article identification number provides a permanent url for an electronic resource. You can usually find the DOI located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice.
Can't find the DOI of an electronic journal? Cite like this:
Author, A.A. (year) Title of article. Title of Periodical, x, xx-xx.
Retrieved from: http://www.xxxx.ccc
Print newspaper article:
Author, A. (1983, September 30). Title
of article. Newspaper Title, pp. A1,
Online newspaper article:
Author, A.A. (2009, December 11). Title
of article. Newspaper Title.
Wu, J.Q. (2010, August 22).
Controlling emotion key to this game.
The Boston Globe. Retrieved from