In January 2012, the Association of Research Libraries released a Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries.
The Code attempts to identify norms of fair use within the academic library community.
"It identifies eight situations that represent the library community’s current consensus about acceptable practices for the fair use of copyrighted materials and describes a carefully derived consensus within the library community about how those rights should apply in certain recurrent situations."
The eight situations are:
For each situation the code sets forth a basic principle of good practice, identifies limitations applying to the principle, and outlines some actions libraries may take to enhance their fair use claim.