This guide lists key sources of Census data covering both the latest releases from the current 2000 Census and data going back to 1790. Print and electronic sources are included.
2020 Census Key Findings
Population Changes: Across the Country Since the 2010 Census: The population of U.S. metro areas grew by 9% from 2010 to 2020, resulting in 86% of the population living in U.S. metro areas in 2020, compared to 85% in 2010.
Race and Ethnicity:
The White population remained the largest race or ethnicity group in the United States, yet, the White alone population decreased by 8.6% since 2010.
The Two or More Races population (also referred to as the Multiracial population) has changed considerably since 2010.
The “in combination” multiracial populations for all race groups accounted for most of the overall changes in each racial category.
Adult and Under-Age-18 Populations
The 2020 Census showed that the adult (age 18 and older) population group grew 10.1% to 258.3 million people over the decade.
The adult population grew faster than the nation as a whole. By comparison, the population under age 18 was 73.1 million in 2020, a decline of 1.4% from the 2010 Census.
The 2020 Census showed that on April 1, 2020, there were 140,498,736 housing units in the United States, up 6.7% from the 2010 Census.
Counties that composed some part of a metropolitan or micropolitan area saw increases of 3.8%, on average, while counties outside of these areas showed decreases of 3.9% on average.
This replacement of American Fact Finder allows you to directly access United States Census data. Use the Advanced Search option to browse available filters, including by topic, year, location and survey.
Public Law (P.L.) 94-171, enacted by Congress in December 1975, requires the Census Bureau to provide states the opportunity to identify the small area geography for which they need data in order to conduct legislative redistricting. Guidance for 2020 Redistricting Data Users.
NHGIS has released 137 new GIS boundary files based on 2020 TIGER/Line Shapefiles. The new files correspond to the geographic units identified in 2020 census data and 2020 American Community Survey data. The release includes nationwide files for 33 geographic levels and 104 state-specific files: 52 for block groups and 52 for blocks.