Even if one is not required by your funding agency, developing a data management plan (DMP) at the beginning of a new project will inform good practice throughout the data cycle. The following practices are fundamental to effective data management and can be applied to all disciplines:
The Data Management Plan:
To prevent data from being lost to incompatibility, store it as formats and on hardware that are open standard, not proprietary.
|Type of Data||Recommended Format||Avoid These Formats|
|Plain Text||.txt||.docx, .doc, .rtf|
|Tabular Text||.csv, .tsv||.xlsx, .xls|
|Image||.jp2, .tiff||.jpg, .psd|
|Chemistry||Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre|