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Citing with Integrity



This guide reinforces concepts presented in BC's Academic Integrity Tutorial, with an emphasis on research for written reports.

What is Citation?

"Ethics, copyright laws, and courtesy to readers require authors to identify the sources of direct quotations and of any facts or opinions not generally known or easily checked" [1].

"Think of documenting your sources as providing a trail for your reader to follow to see the research you performed and discover what led you to your original contribution" [2].

What is Plagiarism?

What is plagiarism:
According to BC's policy on Academic Integrity:

Plagiarism is the act of taking the words, ideas, data, illustrations, or statements of another person or source, and presenting them as one's own. Each student is responsible for learning and using proper methods of paraphrasing and footnoting, quotation, and other forms of citation, to ensure that the original author, speaker, illustrator, or source of the material used is clearly acknowledged. [3]


"If I'm doing research, won't I be using someone else's ideas?The answer is yes! Research involves reading, making notes, digesting ideas, and presenting a finished product that will contain some ideas of your own and some drawn from other people's work. The important thing is to acknowledge both words and ideas that you have gotten from other people" [4].

"[Citation is]... how you bring your unique gift to the table so that all of us are enriched" [5].

"Citations were the web before the web. They're the reason we have collective knowledge" [6].


Are you anxious about plagiarizing accidentally? You can stop worrying if you:

  • Give yourself enough time to research and write
  • Keep your notes organized
  • Mark the boundaries between your own ideas and others' ideas
  • Credit your sources by providing citations and a bibliography


1. Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition (Chicago : University of Chicago Press , 2004), 594.

2. "Citing Your Sources" University of California, Berkeley Library, last updated February 28, 2013,

3. "Academic Integrity: Policy and Procedures," Boston College University Catalog for Undergraduate Students, Accessed April 12, 2012,

4. "Academic Integrity Tutorial," Boston College, Lynch School of Education, online resource, Fall 2012.

5. John McDargh, BC Assoc. Professor of Theology, in "Academic Honesty Tutorial"

6. Anonymous

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